Traffic congestion

35 3 2017-06-12

不改了了了了了了了了了了了

<p>Seminar Presentation</p><p>Number</p><p>G066571</p><p>UEECx36</p><p>Introduction</p><p>Causes</p><p>Effects</p><p>Solutions</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>1</p><p>2</p><p>3</p><p>4</p><p>5</p><p>Outline</p><p>Class</p><p>Name</p><p>Causes</p><p>Ownership</p><p>Accidents</p><p>Roadwork</p><p>Hotspots</p><p>Peakhours</p><p>Underload</p><p>Traffic Congestion In Urban Areas</p><p>Weather Conditions</p><p>Reaction Time</p><p>Short Distance Options</p><p>Lack of public transport options</p><p>Inaccurate timetable</p><p>Inevitable factor</p><p>Before</p><p>Present</p><p>Increasing<br />ownership</p><p>Rainstrom & Snowstrom</p><p>Fog & Haze</p><p>Hurricane & Typhoon</p><p>source: ICD Security Solutions</p><p>Before</p><p>After</p><p>Accident</p><p>Before</p><p>After</p><p>Roadwork</p><p>Roadwork</p><p>Hospital</p><p>School</p><p>Shopping Mall</p><p>Holiday</p><p>Special Congestion</p><p>Congestion Day</p><p>Special Event</p><p>Fan Zengyu (Lyan)</p><p>Tourist Attractions</p><p>travel time</p><p>Effects</p><p>financial loss</p><p>productivity</p><p>environment</p><p>Underload</p><p>Peakhours</p><p>source: Lizbetin, J, Bartuska, L 2017, ‘The influence of human factor on congestion formation on urban Roads’.</p><p>source: TomTom Traffic Index, 2017</p><p>source: TomTom Traffic Index, 2017</p><p>source: TomTom Traffic Index, 2017</p><p>Hotsopts</p><p>Ownership</p><p>18,007,767</p><p>New South Wales</p><p>5,247,199</p><p>2015 Australia</p><p>Tasmania</p><p>875</p><p>/1000 population</p><p>Victoria</p><p>2.5%</p><p>registered vehicles</p><p>registered vehicles</p><p>registered vehicles</p><p>127,220</p><p>New South Wales</p><p>increase in 2015-2016</p><p>increase in 2015-2016</p><p>Mexico City</p><p>1</p><p>66%</p><p>2</p><p>Bangkok</p><p>61%</p><p>3</p><p>Jakarta</p><p>58%</p><p>4</p><p>5</p><p>Chongqing</p><p>Bucharest</p><p>6</p><p>Istanbul</p><p>7</p><p>Chengdu</p><p>8</p><p>Rio de Janerio</p><p>9</p><p>Tainan</p><p>10</p><p>Beijing</p><p>increase since last year</p><p>7%</p><p>Morning Peak</p><p>Evening Peak</p><p>96%</p><p>101%</p><p>extra travel time</p><p>29</p><p>Sydney</p><p>39%</p><p>Extra travel time</p><p>/day</p><p>source: TomTom Traffic Index, 2017</p><p>source: TomTom Traffic Index, 2017</p><p>source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2015</p><p>source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016</p><p>41min</p><p>230 d</p><p>/year</p><p>X</p><p>156h</p><p>/year</p><p>3%</p><p>increase since last year</p><p>one week</p><p>~</p><p>~</p><p>Commute</p><p>85min</p><p>/day</p><p>source: Malcolm Farr,2015, news.com.au</p><p>[2]</p><p>[2]</p><p>[1]</p><p>[1]</p><p>road rage</p><p>low speed</p><p>fuel consumption</p><p>annoying atmosphere</p><p>expenses </p><p>accidents</p><p>3</p><p>2</p><p>1</p><p>source: Matt O'Sullivan, 2017, Sydney is congestion capital of Australasia - and even New York's road network is faster </p><p>One-car Sydney houshold</p><p>Two-car Sydney houshold</p><p>$419</p><p>p/w</p><p>$209</p><p>p/w</p><p>Cost on fuel</p><p>$120</p><p>p/w</p><p>2015 financial year</p><p>2010 financial year</p><p>Cost of congestion for the Australian capital cities </p><p>projection of the cost by 2030</p><p>$16.5 billion</p><p>$12.8 billion</p><p>$30.0 billion</p><p>$37.3 billion</p><p>up to </p><p>source: the Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development of Australian Government, 2015</p><p>source: Thomson, L, Bull, A 2002, ‘Urban traffic congestion: its economic and social causes and consequences’</p><p>Reference List</p><p>Thomson, L, Bull, A 2002, ‘Urban traffic congestion: its economic and social causes and consequences’, CEPAL Review, April 2002, pp 105-116.<br />http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/10867</p><p>Accademia Editoriale 2000, ‘World research in transport economics’, International Journal of Transport Economics, June 2000, pp 279-287.<br />http://www.jstor.org/stable/42748265?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents</p><p>Lizbetin, J, Bartuska, L 2017, ‘The influence of human factor on congestion formation on urban Roads’, Procedia Engineering, April 2017, pp 206-211.<br />http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877705817318969</p><p>Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016, '9309.0 - Motor Vehicle Census, Australia'.<br />http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/9309.0</p><p>Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2015, '9309.0 - Motor Vehicle Census, Australia'.<br />http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/lookup/9309.0Media%20Release131%20Jan%202015</p><p>Charting transport, 2017, 'Update on trends in Australian transport'.<br />https://chartingtransport.com/category/car-ownership/</p><p>Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development, 2015, 'Traffic and congestion cost trends for Australian capital cities'.<br />https://bitre.gov.au/publications/2015/is_074.aspx</p><p>Tom Tom Traffic Index<br />https://www.tomtom.com/en_gb/trafficindex/</p><p>Matt, O. S, 2017, 'Sydney is congestion capital of Australasia - and even New York's road network is faster'</p><p>source: Charting transport, 2017, 'Update on trends in Australian transport'.</p><p>Mexico City’s Car Congestion Slows Economic Growth</p><p>source: Maria Angelica Perez Avendaño & Gustavo Jimenez, 2015, World Resources Institute</p><p>Charging</p><p>Electronic road pricing</p><p>Electronic toll collection</p><p>Hong Kong</p><p>Proposed firstly</p><p>1980s</p><p>Singapore</p><p>Implemented firstly</p><p>1998</p><p>Based on road usage</p><p>3</p><p>people/car</p><p>2</p><p>1</p><p>people/car</p><p>people/car</p><p>No charge</p><p>Low charge</p><p>Heavy charge</p><p>source: Wikipedia, 2017, Electronic road pricing (Hong Kong)</p><p>source: Vishal Jain, 2015, Still stuck in traffic? Wake up & go for ERP & Road Space Rationing on Indian Roads</p><p>Regulations</p><p>Limiting ownership growth</p><p>Odd-even regulation</p><p>Limiting vehicles in a certain area based on license plate numbers</p><p>Mexico City</p><p>Bogota</p><p>Paris</p><p>Beijing</p><p>Delhi</p><p>1 single person</p><p>1 car</p><p>3 people family</p><p>1 car</p><p>Implemented in Beijing</p><p>source: Xinhuanet, 2010, ‘Beijing to limit number of new car license plates to ease traffic congestion’</p><p>source: Spinny, 2016, ‘Odd-Even Regulations Around the World’</p><p>Sharing economy platforms</p><p>Ride-sharing services</p><p>Bicycle-sharing</p><p>Uber</p><p>Reduced </p><p>congestion</p><p>urban areas </p><p>In</p><p>87</p><p>“</p><p>”</p><p>“</p><p>”</p><p>Of United States</p><p>Mobike </p><p>Is a company can affect</p><p>Future </p><p>Uber</p><p>Lyft</p><p>Mobike</p><p>OFO</p><p>source: Jack Stewart, 2017, Wired</p><p>source: Google Play</p><p>source: Google Play</p><p>source: Google Play</p><p>Bikeable-Walkable Society</p><p>More bikelanes and sidewalks</p><p>More public bicycles for leasing</p><p>Mexico City</p><p>source: Sarmiento, C, 2014, ‘People-Oriented Cities: Designing Walkable, Bikeable Neighborhoods’, World resources institute</p><p>source: Li, Z et al., 2016, ‘Do Ride-sharing Services Affect Traffic Congestion?’</p><p>?</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>Traffic congestion</p><p>Ownership</p><p>Accidents</p><p>Roadwork</p><p>Hopspots</p><p>Peakhours</p><p>Underload</p><p>Accidents</p><p>Producivity</p><p>Envionment</p><p>Charging</p><p>Regulations</p><p>Sharing economy platforms</p><p>Bikeable and walkable society</p><p>Thanks for your listening</p><p>Thanks for your participation</p><p>Discussion</p><p>1</p><p>Bicycle-sharing is very popular in China.<br />Have you experienced it before?</p><p>2</p><p>3</p><p>Bicycle-sharing can reduce traffic congestion and air pollution.<br />Do you think it could become a mainstream trip mode?</p><p>Which kind of transport would be mainly used in the future?<br />Buses, private cars, metro, light rail, bicycles etc.</p><p>Transport network</p><p></p>